Introduction to medical terminology, abbreviations and acronyms (2023)

When you come across a word likeCryoglobulinemiaand think,for me it is greek, There's a good reason for that. It's Greek and Latin. Most medical terms, more than 90%, come from Greek and Latin. But don't let that intimidate you when it comes to medical terminology.

More than 60% of our everyday words are borrowed from Greek and Latin, meaning you are familiar with medical terminology that you may not be aware of. It's not about a big jump, for exampleacrobaticsforAchromanieÖAcroanaesthesia.

In our tips and strategies for learning medical terminology, we'll show you how to take advantage of your familiarity. But first, let's answer a few questions so we can determine who should be delving into medical terminology and why.

  • What is medical terminology?

    Medical terminology is the language of healthcare. It is the means for health professionals to review the complexity of the human body in both health and injury or disease states. As such, medical terminology encompasses the lexicon of terms for all known anatomical features, physiological processes, and medical procedures.

  • Why is it important to understand medical terminology?

    Understanding medical terminology opens a door to understanding medicine and the healthcare community. The more you need to understand, the more important your understanding of medical terminology becomes.

  • Who Should Learn Medical Terminology?

    If you have a career with daily duties that requires you to learn an anatomical feature of a physiological process involved in a medical procedure, you must be fluent in medical language to perform your job.

    It is equally important that you understand medical terminology in order to be successful in your professional training program as well as in your future workplace. This is true whether you decide to pursue a clinical healthcare career as a sonographer, radiation oncologist, or MRI technician. It also applies if you are pursuing a career in the business side of healthcare as a medical clerk, medical transcriptionist, medical bill collector, or medical coder.

  • Is it difficult to learn medical terminology?

    a word likeOsteochondrodysplasiaIt's attractive and there are thousands of similar terms out there, but don't let the outside fool you. Learning medical terminology is not as difficult as you think. Not if you do it the right way, with the right strategies and the right resources.

Build your medical vocabulary brick by brick

When it comes to medical terminology, think LEGO. A LEGO brick is just a LEGO brick, but when you put these plastic pieces together you get something fancy.

Similarly, parts of words like mini building blocks make up most medical terms. Once you start learning the parts of the word, you will no longer see an unfamiliar 21-letter word. For example, if you lookOsteochondrodysplasia, Do you see:

Bone very


Chondro cartilage


dis it is not normal


Place Development

This reveals osteochondrodysplasia. You may not know the full scope of the definition, but please understand that the term refers to a developmental disorder affecting the bones and cartilage.

And just as a LEGO brick can be used in different constructions, you'll see the same word "brick" in different medical terms. In fact, now that you've learned four parts of a word, you have an idea of ​​an exponential list of medical terms.

We'll look at more examples of word parts and how familiarity helps in building your vocabulary of medical terminology, but first let's take a look at the different types of word parts.

3 types of components

The construction of most medical terms follows the common structure of a prefix, a medical root, and a suffix.

  • Medical prefixes:When included, the prefix stands at the beginning of a medical term and generally indicates location, direction, time, quality, or quantity.
  • Medicinal suffixes:The suffix is ​​appended to the end of a term and generally indicates a procedure, feature, test, condition, or pathology. The suffix can also identify whether the term is a noun, an adjective, or a verb.
  • Medicinal Roots:The root of the word is the base part of the medical term and conveys its primary meaning, which is usually a part of the body or body system. Most medical terms contain one or more stems.

Break down medical terms into their component parts

If you mentally break down a medical term into its parts, you can find out the meaning of the unfamiliar term. But before you deconstruct medical terms, you need to know a few things about how they are constructed.

A medical term can consist of almost any combination of word parts:

  • Prefix, stem, suffix
  • Wortstamm, Suffix
  • Wortstamm, Wortstamm, Suffix
  • Root word, root word, root word
  • Prefix Suffix

combined singing

Medical terms are difficult to pronounce without a piece of word linking device, so the vowel matching system was developed.

When two medicinal roots are joined, a combined vowel is added at the end of the first root. A vowel combined with the second word root is used when the word spine begins with a consonant. The letterÖIt is the most commonly used combined vowel.

As an an example,Magenis the root of the word stomach. In connection with the suffix -logy, meaning medical study or specialty, aÖis added and forms the word Gastrologia.






(for study)



(Video) Medical Terminology: List of Common Abbreviations [Nursing, USMLE]

But if the word goes onMagenit begins with a vowel, so the combined vowel is unnecessary, as exemplified by the term gastritis, meaning inflammation of the lining of the stomach.

In the deconstructed medical term below we see an example of two combined vowel practices: aÖRoot link words and omitting the combinationÖif the suffix begins with a vowel.




that is









But what happens when the root of a word ends in a vowel? the combinationÖomitted again, as can be seen from the example of the medical term enterocentesis, which describes a surgical puncture of the intestine. Enterocentesis also shows that not all word roots refer to human anatomy.





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Finally, if you're wondering why we don't share a medical term with a prefix to illustrate how the prefix relates to a root word, it's because the combined vowel only applies to root words and suffixes.

Whether a prefix ends in a vowel or a consonant is irrelevant for the formation of the medical term, as can be seen from these two examples.









(blood condition)







I one









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While you're probably familiar with the words hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperthermia (high body temperature), you can now see where their definitions came from.

How do you learn medical terminology?

If you understand the structure of medical terms, you can recognize the parts of the word and become more familiar with them. This is a convenient way to understand medical language.

consider the wordbleeding, For example. You know the meaning of the term, but you probably never noticed the parts of the word. Do you see the structure now? If not, find oneÖ. Not all medical terms have a combination.Ö, but when they do, it's an obvious delineation of the structure.

ÖÖin hemorrhage divides the term into two parts: hem + or + hemorrhage. can you recognizeMistakeor guess what blood means and you'd be right.- Ragiait's probably new to you. That meansburst, as in perineal failure, and mediates excessive bleeding or fluid loss as a result of a damaged blood vessel.

Knowing the structure of this single term gives it an edge over words like rhinorrhea, splenorrhea, otorrhagia, hepatorrhagia. And once you learn the basic words for those four terms (nose, spleen, ear, and liver, respectively), you can expand your medical vocabulary in four directions.

Learn with familiar terms

Here are some tips that will get you far:

  • Learn from the words you know. For example, if you know that a tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils, then you know the ending-ectomyHalf. Make a flash card.
  • When you learn a new medical term, make cards using the word parts.
  • Ask yourself often.

Organize your study of medicinal roots by body system

When you learn new information, context is like a bulletin board in your brain, giving the information a place to stay. For this reason, in Doing you will find categorically structured lessonsCourses in anatomy and medical terminology. With a categorical approach, it is easier to understand and retain information.

Please keep in mind as you look at an example of stems below: As with a prefix and suffix, a stem is part of the medical term and not a word itself. A suffix is, with a few exceptions, appended to the stem to make it complete.

Medicinal Roots: Digestive system

add to Attachment
chole, chole bile or gallbladder
Split colon
cyst Blase
tap small intestine
esophagus esophagus
Magen Magen
hell Leber
to bury intestine (usually small)
ren,renal, nef, nephro should

Medicinal roots: cardiovascular system

come in you go blood vessels
Aorta Aorta
Arteries arteries
hair, hair capillaries
cards, cards Herz
both Sangre Sangre
Ven,phlebomo comes

Medicinal Roots: Respiratory system

bronchus, larynx windpipe
nose rhino Nose
throat throat
weigh ribs, side
tyre, tyre breath, air
pneumonia, pneumonia Lunge
is breathed breathe
Breast Breast

Medicinal roots: skin and musculoskeletal system

Arthr, Artikel together
Brachi Arm
carp legumes
Chondro cartilage
cost rib
skull skull
Tribunal, Dermis, Dermatose First
Mio muscles
Bone, Bone, Host Bone
The size,paediatrics Afternoon
sponge whirl

We already told you that a medical term can consist of almost any combination of parts, including just stems. This is a rare occurrence and, as we shall show, it is only technically true.

external cleidomastoid. In this example, three root words combine to form the sternocleidomastoid, which refers to a muscle on each side of the neck that begins at the top of the sternum and collarbone and then extends to attach behind the ear at the mastoid process of the storm bone. It is an unusual medical term as it has no suffix. However, as you'll see shortly, -oid is a suffix meaningcompareÖeven. Because it's embedded in the root of the wordMastoid, these three root words together are complete.



He puts







(mastoid process)




Of course, stems can represent more than just body parts and body systems.

Medicinal roots: colors

Chlor green
cian Blau
erythr Rojo
Dawn, legal Branco
removed For this
police grau

Medicinal Roots: Tests and Procedures

hundreds puncture
hit examine by blow
to reach see
Sect, Tom cut
It is beat

Common prefixes

Before you check below, test your thought process. do you know the worddrainand with the wordHydrate, what do you think the prefix means?

Remember to read the new terms. Break down the word parts, analyze them and add more to your stack of medical terminology flashcards.

(Video) Medical Terminology & Common Medical Acronyms

Medical prefixes: position, location, address

ab- far away from
To sue- at the address
initial bet- before, ahead
anthers, ant front, front
ap-, apo- away from, apart
Center- Center
one one
swindler together
Es- through, separated
dis- far, together
Mi- out of
ec-, ecto-, ex-, extra- Out
end, end within, within
epi- one
to bury- between
intra within
Meta- after that, beyond
Post- return
later behind the back
Under- Sob
trans- between

always look at the context

As you can see in the table above, post means behind. However, this prefix must be read in context to analyze the correct meaning of the medical term in question. For example means postcardiacreturnthe heart while booster meansafterVaccination. In one case, post- indicates a location, and in another case, post- indicates a time.

While double meanings on parts of words aren't very common, they're not that common either. Before birth, consider anteversion, the forward bending of an organ in front of the antepartum.

In a different sense you can think of post and ante since each has a definition:

  • Post-: after, in space or time
  • Ante-: before, in space or in time

Remember that when deconstructing medical terms, you should use common sense, logic, and familiarity in equal measure.

Medical prefixes: time or speed

initial bet- Before
brady- It is
Cron- long long time
Post- after
Profi-,Before-,initial bet- Before
Period once again
retro- behind / behind
Tachy- fast

Medical prefixes: number or amount

like like- absence of, without
bi-, di- of the
von- below, lack of, remove
Diplom-, Diplom- GUT
even- even
Bad- half (one of the two sides)
mono, uni like
more- many
Pfanne- at
Pol- many
quadruple, quadruple four
bad- half
tri- three

EXAMPLES: Analgesia is the absence of pain. Hemianalgesia is the absence of pain on one side of the body. On the other hand, panphobia is the fear of everything. The term pancytopenia refers to an abnormal depression of all cellular blood elements.

Medical Prefixes: Level

UE- normally good
hipper, super- above normal
Nilpferd- below normal
infra- under
Pol- very
above- above
Ultra- next to

Medical prefixes: quality or function

A-,von- which
Anti-,against- against
Auto- Auto
dis- abnormal, bad
eti- Caused
Homo- The same thing
you asi- the same as the same
Mal- spacious
Es- neu
Oligo-, Oligo- little, deficient

capture subtleties

Do you know how to distinguish newborn from prenatal? the root of the wordNatal, means relative to birth. Therefore, neonatal means new birth (especially the first four weeks after birth) and prenatal means before birth.

Medical prefixes: size

Large- grain or particle
Macro-,Mega-, Mega-Ausfall- large
Micro- few

common suffixes

Medicinal suffixes: procedures

-ectomy excision, removal of
-Pexy fixation
- plastics form, shape
-Bast Dress
-Copy visual inspection
-Stoma surgically created opening
-for my cut
-tripsis rub, crush

Medical suffixes: pathology, condition, or function

-something Insect
-ämie blood (condition)
-gen caused
-that is inflammation
-ly, -lisis dissolve or destroy
- Lehrer like, similar
-ter growth, mass, tumor
-osis, -esis, -iasis abnormal condition or disease
-patia Illness
- painted Lack
- Pneumonia breathing
-rrag, -rragia, -rragia overflow, overflow
-Sister occurrence, action or condition

watch the spelling

ilium and ileum. A one-letter substitution and you have a different word, so you must consult your provider's documentation regarding your job responsibilities.

Spelling is important when it comes to reading a patient's diagnosis, test results, prescriptions for medications, and treatments. Misinterpreting patient information can negatively impact patient care.

Advice: In addition to looking out for similar words and medical abbreviations, also familiarize yourself with the plural form of the common suffixes you will encounter.

Go straight to the plural

The plural form of most medical terms deviates from the standard.SÖes. In some cases you will find indulgence. For example, you could say sacromata instead of sarcomata, but you need to know the plural well enough to know what you're reading.

The way a medical term becomes plural depends on the last two letters of its singular suffix.

Pluralization of medical terminology suffixes

Singular Plural Example
-A -ae purse, purses
-anx, -inx, -ynx -nges Phalanx, phalanges
-em - Leaves Lake, Lake
-ex, -ix, -yx -links cervix, cervix
-Es -es diagnosis, diagnoses
-that is -itiden Meningitis, Meningitis
-Mutter - Women Sarcoma, Sarcoma
-one -A Ganglion, Ganglion
- the same -A diverticula, diverticulum
-us -Ey Plexus, plexuses and emboli, emboli
-X -ces chest, chest

Take a course in medical terminology

If you have the healthcare profession in mind, especially medical coding, you should prioritize the following: aOnline course in medical terminology.. While learning medical terminology may be easier than you think, there's still a lot to learn.

In addition to thousands of anatomical terms, conditions, diseases, injuries, surgical procedures, and medical treatments, you'll also need to navigate a variety of medications, devices, and supplies. And not all body parts and medical words are made up of identifiable components.

Consider the integumentary system. The skin is the largest organ of the body and is studied as an anatomical system as well as the musculoskeletal system, urinary system, nervous system, endocrine system, etc.Integument, a Latin word meaning to cover. Integument is just one example of a medical word that is counterintuitive as it cannot be broken down into recognizable parts.

You will also find medical terminology denoted by various terms, as well as eponyms (words derived from someone) and acronyms and words derived from Latin and French.

For this reason, the AAPC requires students training for a career in medical coding to take a course in medical terminology. The importance of a wide and reliable medical vocabulary, in addition to knowledge ofhuman anatomy, not to underestimate.

Get a medical dictionary

Albert Einstein is credited with saying, "Never mind what you can look up in books." Smart man. You'll no doubt remember a lot from your professional training, but the human brain has limitations.

So start building a library and choose a good medical dictionary for your first purchase. You need a comprehensive resource:Dorland's Illustrated Medical DictionaryÖStedman's Medical Dictionary for the Nursing and Health Professions. If you're tempted to take shortcuts and opt for free web content, you won't have access to the information you need. Consider buying used instead.

ÖIt is designed for programming and accounting students. You can view anatomical illustrations and industry acronyms, as well as an extensive glossary of medical, coding, and billing terms. Is it worth taking one?insightto see if this book meets your needs.

But don't forget that you can also find useful information in yourCPT®-Codebücher. This includes illustrations, charts, and medical abbreviations. For those with Codify subscriptions, you can addDorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, which provides rich content and makes it easy to decipher the terms in the chart notes.

feed your motivation

Why are you studying medical terminology? For many of you, the answer to that question is a rewarding career inMedical billing and coding. So our final advice on using medical terminology is to stick with itCareer goalfront and center. Motivation will drive your studies, help you bridge the distance and enjoy the journey.

Medical terminology online course


Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 28th edition. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company, 1994.

(Video) Medical Terminology & Abbreviations - Why Get Level Up RN Flashcards? | Level Up RN

Last checked on12. June 2022vonAAPC Vordenker team


How do you learn abbreviations in medical terminology? ›

Super Easy Tips to Learn Medical Terminology
  1. Using visual cues to remember complex terms.
  2. Practicing terms using apps for iOS and Android.
  3. Deciphering terms by learning basic Latin components (root, suffix, prefix)
  4. Bulk learning using self-made acronyms.
  5. Using engaging guides and workbooks.
  6. Taking free online classes.

How can I learn medical terminology on my own? ›

One way to learn medical terminology is by creating your own acronyms. You can do this by taking one letter of each word or a group of related words, and forming a single new word or a phrase. It may take a little bit to actually come up with the acronyms, but in the end, it will save you a lot of time.

What is acronym in medical terminology? ›

Acronyms in healthcare are formed from the lead letters of words relating to medications, organisations, procedures and diagnoses. They come from both English and Latin roots. The use of acronyms and abbreviations is expanding rapidly.

What are the 3 general rules of medical terminology? ›

There are three basic parts to medical terms: a word root (usually the middle of the word and its central meaning), a prefix (comes at the beginning and usually identifies some subdivision or part of the central meaning), and a suffix (comes at the end and modifies the central meaning as to what or who is interacting ...

How do I memorize and remember medical terminology? ›

7 Ways to Learn Medical Terminology
  1. Get your Greek (and Latin) on. Nearly all medical terms come from Greek or Latin words. ...
  2. See the patterns in words. ...
  3. Use Acronyms. ...
  4. Imagine it. ...
  5. Flash cards. ...
  6. Medical Term Bingo. ...
  7. Slow and steady. ...
  8. Start Your Healthcare Administration Journey Today.

What is the best way to teach medical terminology? ›

Medical Terminology Teaching Tips
  1. Develop chapter pretests. ...
  2. Encourage students to pronounce terms out loud in context. ...
  3. Offer multimedia-rich course materials. ...
  4. Use flashcards for memorization. ...
  5. Let students teach. ...
  6. Customize the curriculum to student learning.
May 8, 2019

How long does it take to learn medical terminology? ›

Medical Terminology is a 120-hour online Con Ed class. The class encompasses both Med Term I and Med Term II within the 16 weeks of instruction. This course in an introduction to the study of the structure of medical words and terms.

What is the fastest way to learn medical terminology? ›

Use Flashcards

Since the human brain is wired to absorb information by visual cues, using flashcards to memorize the term can help train your brain for effective memorization. You can either purchase medical terminology flashcards or use online flashcard resources for accelerated learning and retaining medical terms.

Is there an app to learn medical terminology? ›

Oxford Medical Dictionary

The app, also available for Android devices, provides information written by other healthcare professionals. It doesn't just boast some 12,000 entries on medical science, but it also has more than 140 illustrations to help visual learners.

Where can I learn medical terminology for free? ›

7 Best Free Medical Terminology Online Training Courses
  • Penn Foster Online Medical Terminology Certification Course. ...
  • Ashworth College Online Medical Terminology Course. ...
  • Coursera's Clinical Terminology for International & US Students. ...
  • Des Moines University Online Medical Technology Course.

What are some common medical abbreviations? ›

  • tablet. ii.
  • tablets. iii.
  • tablets. i.m., IM. injection into a muscle. i.v., IV. injection directly to a vein. INR. international normalised ratio (a measure of how long blood takes to clot) IVI. intravenous infusion. IVP. intravenous pyelogram (an X-ray of your urinary tract) Ix. investigations. LA. ...
  • times a day.

Is CPR acronym or abbreviation? ›

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that's useful in many emergencies, such as a heart attack or near drowning, in which someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped.

What are abbreviations and acronyms examples? ›

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word used in place of the full word (e.g., Corp.). An acronym is a word formed from the first letters of each of the words in a phrase or name (e.g., NASA or laser).

What is the golden rule in medical terms? ›

But the essence of medical ethics, the golden rule, has been largely overlooked or undervalued: “Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them” (Matthew 7:12).

What is rule of 2 in medical? ›

The rule of 2s is a useful mnemonic for the features of Meckel diverticulum, although the figures do have a broad range: occur in 2% of the population. are 2 inches (5 cm) long. are 2 feet (60 cm) from the ileocecal valve.

Which suffix means pain? ›

[Gr. algos, pain] Suffixes meaning pain.

What are the 4 components of medical terminology? ›

Medical terms are built from four word parts. Those word parts are prefix, word root, suffix, and combining vowel. When a word root is combined with a combining vowel, the word part is referred to as a combining form.

What are 3 key reasons why medical terminology is important? ›

Some of the top reasons to learn medical terminology include:
  • Speaking the Standardized “Language of Medicine”
  • Improved Patient Safety.
  • Improved Patient Experiences.
  • More Efficient Care.
Oct 3, 2017

What does lip O mean in medical terms? ›

(biology, medicine, usually) lipids: oils, cholesterols, fat/lard, tallow, and so on. fat specifically, as: The form of lipid. Fat tissue or fat cells, which contain such lipids.

What to do if you don t understand medical terminology? ›

One way to increase patient understanding is to use plain, nonmedical language, also known as "living room language." Try explaining medical terms by breaking them down based on the word's root. For example, "cardiomyopathy" translates to "heart muscle disease" ("cardio" = heart; "myo" = muscle; "pathy" = disease).

How do med students memorize so much information? ›

Taking Practice Tests

According to several studies, self-testing is a proven technique that helps medical students to retrieve information and better memorize what they have learned. Taking practice tests is a retrieval practice that boosts long-term memory of medical students.

What is the fastest way to memorize information? ›

Simple memory tips and tricks
  1. Try to understand the information first. Information that is organized and makes sense to you is easier to memorize. ...
  2. Link it. ...
  3. Sleep on it. ...
  4. Self-test. ...
  5. Use distributed practice. ...
  6. Write it out. ...
  7. Create meaningful groups. ...
  8. Use mnemonics.

How hard of a class is medical terminology? ›

Students can also learn comfortably at their own pace, on their own time. The trouble is that medical terminology courses are often dense, dry, and difficult to understand, no matter the instruction medium. Too often, they rely solely on rote memorization to teach the subject matter.

What is a medical terminology class like? ›

In a medical terminology course, students will gain an understanding of how these root words and the prefixes and suffixes work together. Armed with this knowledge, you will be able to decipher unfamiliar terms. You'll cover terms related to major body systems such as the cardiovascular system or the nervous system.

Why is it important to understand medical terminology in order to? ›

Medical terminology can look and sound complex, but it's important to be able to break words down and understand their roots, prefixes and suffixes to prevent any misunderstandings or errors. Mistakes and misunderstandings can be life-threatening, that is the importance of medical terminology.

What grade level is medical terminology? ›

The American Medical Association (AMA) has recommended writing patient education material at a sixth grade level or below. The writing construction should be written with short paragraphs and 1 - 2 syllable words [1].

Can I learn medical terminology online? ›

Students who are interested in pursuing a career in the field of medicine can benefit from taking an online medical terminology course. That means whether you're studying to be a doctor, nurse, or any other career in medicine, a course covering medical terminology can simply make your life easier.

What is the best medical terminology program? ›

What are the best medical terminology courses? We found that Coursera and edX offered the best Medical terminology online courses. They both were free for students to use and for an additional fee, students could receive a certificate of completion and potentially transfer their credits to a college or university.

What are root words in medical terminology? ›

The root or stem of a medical term usually has been derived from a Greek or Latin noun or verb. This root expresses the basic meaning of the term. However, often that meaning will be modified by the addition of a prefix (at the beginning of the word) or the addition of a suffix (at the end of the word).

How do you get experience in medical terminology? ›

Although it is possible to learn on the job, the majority of professionals in this occupation complete a short certificate program or an applied associate degree with an emphasis on medical terminology.

What language is most medical terminology? ›

The basis for medical terminology, however, has remained the same. The majority of medical terms are based in the Latin or Greek language.

Is there a free medical app? ›

Top 10 free medical apps, along with their publishers: MyChart (Epic) GoodRx: Prescription Coupons (GoodRx) healow (eClinicalWorks)

Is knowing medical terminology a skill? ›

The ability to recognize, understand, spell, and pronounce basic medical terms is necessary to perform well in any medical setting. And learning how to identify medical abbreviations and decipher unfamiliar words using roots, suffixes, and prefixes is most easily learned in a medical terminology course online.

Is getting a certificate in medical terminology worth it? ›

A medical terminology certificate can help you get your foot in the door for entry-level positions at hospitals and clinics. Employers will be glad to see your genuine interest in the medical field and know that you won't be intimidated by medical jargon.

Is a medical terminology certificate worth it? ›

If you're considering a career as a Medical Office Assistant, then having a Medical Terminology course under your belt is definitely an asset. Being familiar with certain medical terms and procedures will make your job a lot easier.

Is medical terminology a prerequisite? ›

This course does not have any prerequisites. Medical Terminology (MTC 210E) is an online, asynchronous, self-paced course. This course does not have specific meeting times or deadlines. You will complete your assignments on your schedule over 16 weeks using Blackboard, an online learning platform.

What are 5 examples of abbreviations? ›

15 English abbreviations you need to know
  • But first, a quick cheat sheet:
  • RSVP – Please reply. ...
  • ASAP – As soon as possible. ...
  • AM/PM – Before midday (morning) and after midday (afternoon) ...
  • LMK – Let me know. ...
  • BRB – Be right back. ...
  • DOB – Date of birth. ...
  • CC/BCC – Carbon copy/blind carbon copy.

What does 3 12 mean in medical terms? ›

3/12 - three months. A medical time abbreviation. the first number is how many, the second is what period.

What does AED mean CPR? ›

An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a medical device designed to analyze the heart rhythm and deliver an electric shock to victims of ventricular fibrillation to restore the heart rhythm to normal. Ventricular fibrillation is the uncoordinated heart rhythm most often responsible for sudden cardiac arrest.

What does AR stand for in first aid? ›

Note: Protect yourself and others by wearing vinyl gloves when giving first aid. Use a shield or face mask with a one-way valve when giving AR or CPR. Artificial Respiration (AR-Adult) Open airway - push back on forehead and lift chin. 5 Check breathing. If the casualty is not breathing....

What does the abbreviation AED stand for? ›

An AED, or automated external defibrillator, is used to help those experiencing sudden cardiac arrest. It's a sophisticated, yet easy-to-use, medical device that can analyze the heart's rhythm and, if necessary, deliver an electrical shock, or defibrillation, to help the heart re-establish an effective rhythm.

What are the top 10 acronyms? ›

Here is a selection of the most popular and widely used internet abbreviations in 2022:
  • LOL: Laughing out loud.
  • ASAP: As soon as possible.
  • FYI: For your information.
  • G2G: Got to go.
  • FB: Facebook.
  • MSG: Message.
  • TTYL: Talk to you later.
  • IMO: In my opinion.
5 days ago

What are the four main types of abbreviation? ›

There are four different types of abbreviations in English:
  • Initialism.
  • Acronym.
  • Shortening.
  • Contraction.
May 14, 2017

Can you give me a list of acronyms? ›

Examples of Popular Acronyms
  • ASAP. ASAP is an acronym for as soon as possible. ...
  • IMAX. The IMAX in IMAX Theater actually stands for Image Maximum. ...
  • PIN. ...
  • RADAR. ...
  • TASER. ...
  • SCUBA. ...
  • KISS. ...
  • NASA.

What is a terminology list? ›

A terminology list or glossary is a list of words and phrases with their expected translation. They are useful for ensuring that your translations are consistent across your project.

What are the common terminology? ›

A common language enables responders to articulate needs, describe processes, coordinate efforts, and command resources during interagency operations. When everyone clearly understands the information being shared, planning and coordination becomes simpler.

What is the basic terminology? ›

Terminology is a discipline that systematically studies the "labelling or designating of concepts" particular to one or more subject fields or domains of human activity. It does this through the research and analysis of terms in context for the purpose of documenting and promoting consistent usage.

What is medical terminology examples? ›

Morphology of medical termsMedical terms are created using root words with prefixes and suffixes that are Greek or Latin in origin. For example, “pericarditis” means “inflammation of the outer layer of the heart.” The three parts of this term are: peri – card – itis. The prefix is “peri” and means “surrounding”.

How do you read medical terminology? ›

Medical words are not read as we normally read English, from left to right. Rather, they are read in an order related to their components, prefixes, root terms, suffixes, and combining vowels.

What are the basic terminology of nursing? ›

Nursing, for example, has three major terminologies: NANDA International (NANDA-I), the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC), and the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC). The nursing terminologies provide sets of terms to describe nursing judgments, treatments, and nursing-sensitive patient outcomes.

How do you use medical terminology? ›

Medical terminology is used every day throughout the healthcare industry by doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and medical assistants. It is also used by billing specialists and medical coders as well as insurance companies to document conditions, process claims, and enable patients to apply for their insurance coverage.

What is the best way to review basic medical terminology? ›

Use Flashcards

Since the human brain is wired to absorb information by visual cues, using flashcards to memorize the term can help train your brain for effective memorization. You can either purchase medical terminology flashcards or use online flashcard resources for accelerated learning and retaining medical terms.

Why is medical terminology important? ›

The purpose of medical terminology is to create a standardised language for medical professionals. This language helps medical staff communicate more efficiently and makes documentation easier.

What language is medical terminology? ›

The basis for medical terminology, however, has remained the same. The majority of medical terms are based in the Latin or Greek language.

Is basic medical terminology class hard? ›

Students can also learn comfortably at their own pace, on their own time. The trouble is that medical terminology courses are often dense, dry, and difficult to understand, no matter the instruction medium. Too often, they rely solely on rote memorization to teach the subject matter.

How do you write a terminology list? ›

How to create and maintain a Glossary
  1. Step 1: Know your audience. ...
  2. Step 2: Identify both uncommon and frequently-used Terms. ...
  3. Step 3: Market research. ...
  4. Step 4: Gather The Terms. ...
  5. Step 5: Define The Terms. ...
  6. Step 6: Review the translations. ...
  7. Step 7: Keep it Up-to-date!
Nov 27, 2019

What are common medical abbreviations? ›

Common Medical Abbreviations
A assistive range of motion
CPAPcontinuous positive airway pressure
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRFchronic renal failure
246 more rows

What does RR mean in medical terms? ›

Respiration rate (rate of breathing)

How do you explain medical terminology to a patient? ›

One way to increase patient understanding is to use plain, nonmedical language, also known as "living room language." Try explaining medical terms by breaking them down based on the word's root. For example, "cardiomyopathy" translates to "heart muscle disease" ("cardio" = heart; "myo" = muscle; "pathy" = disease).


1. Medical Abbreviations
(MedEd America)
2. Medical Terminology and Common Medical Acronyms in Clinical Research
(Stanford Center for Clinical Research)
3. Medical Terminology and Common Medical Acronyms in Clinical Research
(Stanford Center for Clinical Research)
4. Introduction to Medical Terminology
(Dr. A's Clinical Lab Videos)
5. The 31 most common medical terminology (anatomy) abbreviations | Kenhub
(Kenhub - Learn Human Anatomy)
6. Medical Terminology | Lesson 6 | Anatomy and Anatomical Terms
(JJ Medicine)


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